Peoria Geography

Peoria, a US city is home to the Peoria Civic Centre (which also includes Carver Arena). The Caterpillar Inc. world headquarters was located in Peoria for more than 110 years before moving to Deerfield, Illinois late 2017. Peoria’s economy has grown to include medicine. Peoria is home to the USDA’s National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research. It was formerly known as the USDA Northern Regional Research Lab. This lab is where penicillin was first mass produced. There are many things to do in Peoria, IL.

Grandview Drive runs through both Peoria Heights and Peoria Heights. It is a road that Theodore Roosevelt claimed to have called the “world’s most beautiful drive” during his 1910 visit. The Peoria Park district covers 9,000 acres (36km2) of parks and trails. The Illinois River Bluff Trail connects four Peoria Park district parks: Camp Wokanda. Robinson Park. Green Valley Camp. Detweiller Park. The Rock Island Greenway (13 mi) connects to the State of Illinois Rock Island Trail traveling north to Toulon. It also connects southeast and East Peoria. Glen Oak Park and Bradley Park have seven-miles of trails that run through prairies and forested forests. Bradley Park has disc golf and a dog park. There are five public courses in Peoria, as well as many private and semi-private courses. Peoria Park District was the winner of the National Gold Medal Award in Parks and Recreation, Class II Parks, 2001.

Population and Demographics

The city had 115,021 residents and 47,202 households as of 2010 census. The population density was 2,543.4 per square mile (982.1/km2). 52,621 housing units were available. The city’s racial makeup was 62.4% white, 26.9% Black, African American, 0.3% Native American and 4.6% Asian. There were also 3.6% mixed races. 4.9% of the population was Hispanic/Latino of any race. There is a large, well-established Lebanese community in the city with a long history of involvement in local government and business.

45,199 households were found, with 29.0% having children under 18 years of age, 41.6% being married couples living together, 15.5% having a female householder without a husband, and 39.5% non-families. Individuals accounted for 33.2% of all households. 11.7% of all households had someone 65 or older living alone. The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size 3.04.

25.7% of the city’s population were under 18 years old, 12.0% between 18 and 24, 27.2% between 25 to 44, 20.8% each from 45 to 64, 14.2% among those 65 years or older. The median age was 34. There were 89.9 men for every 100 females. There were 85.0 males for every 100 females over 18 years old.

The city’s median household income was $36,397. The city’s per capita income was $20,512. 18.8% of the city’s population lived below the poverty line.

In 2004, and 2007, special censuses were done that showed a total population increase of 8,455 since 2000.


Peoria is a unique fun city in Illinois with diverse rich demographics. This post was sponsored by St. Mary’s catholic school. If you are looking for a great private school near Peoria, fill out our contact form today!